Kyphoplasty is a procedure used to treat vertebral compression fractures and abnormal configurations typically caused by osteoporosis. The minimally invasive technique has high success rates for stopping pain caused by fractures, stabilizing the bone, and restoring some or all vertebral body height lost due to compression.
The procedure involves making a small incision behind the target area so that a narrow tube can be inserted into the fractured portion of the vertebrae. A special balloon is then inserted through the tube and inflated. This elevates the fracture, restoring a more natural shape, while also compacting the soft inner bone to create a cavity in the center of the vertebrae. After deflating and removing the balloon, a cement-like material is inserted into the cavity through a low-pressure injection. The material hardens quickly, stabilizing the bone.
Patients can often go home the same day, returning to normal activity levels quickly. Complications and risks are rare.