According to the National Stroke Association, up to 80 percent of strokes can be prevented. Some risk factors are out of your control, such as age and race, but you can reduce your risk by changing personal habits or receiving medical treatment.
The following activities may help prevent a stroke:
- Exercise regularly.
- Increase intake of fruits and vegetables and limit dietary salt and fat.
- Refrain from smoking.
- Drink alcohol only in moderation (one to two drinks per day).
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Frequently check blood pressure and follow physician recommendations for keeping it in a safe range.
- Consider taking a low dose of aspirin if your physician determines it is safe.
- Keep chronic medical conditions, like high cholesterol and diabetes, under control.
- Seek medical care if you have symptoms of a stroke, even if symptoms stop.