Types of Intestinal Transplants Performed at UPMC
When intestinal rehabilitation alone is not successful, transplantation may be a life-changing — or even lifesaving — treatment option for irreversible intestinal failure.
At the UPMC Intestinal Rehabilitation and Transplantation Center in Pittsburgh, Pa., we offer three main types of transplants.
Isolated intestine (small bowel) transplantation
People who are born with or develop irreversible intestinal failure become unable to digest food well enough to eat a normal, oral diet or receive nutrition through a tube. As a result, they require total parenteral nutrition (TPN).
For those with organ failure limited to the small bowel only, isolated intestinal transplantation can be a lifesaving and life-enhancing option.
Combined liver and intestine transplantation
This type of transplant is the only lifesaving treatment for people with liver and intestinal failure.
Without treatment, and with continuation of TPN, people with this condition have an expected median survival of less than 12 months.
This type of transplant is for people with diffuse gastrointestinal disorders commonly associated with gut failure and/or life-threatening neoplasm.
The transplant includes the:
- Intestine, with or without the liver