Navigate Up

Pediatric Center - A-Z Index


Print This Page

Fire safety at home

Smoke alarms and fire extinguishers

Smoke alarms or detectors work even when you cannot smell smoke. Tips for proper use include:

  • Install smoke alarms or detectors in hallways, in or near all sleeping areas, the kitchen, and garage.
  • Test them once a month. Change the batteries regularly or at least once a year.
  • Dust or vacuum over the smoke alarm as needed.

Using a fire extinguisher can put out a small fire to keep it from getting out of control. Tips for use include:

  • Keep fire extinguishers in handy locations -- at least one on each level of your home.
  • Be sure to have a fire extinguisher in your kitchen and one in your garage.
  • Know how to use a fire extinguisher. Teach everyone in your family how to use one, too. In an emergency, you must be able to act fast.

Escaping fires

Fires can be loud, burn fast, and produce lots of smoke. It is a good idea for everyone to know how to get out of their home quickly if one occurs.

Set up fire escape routes from every room in your house. It is best to have two ways to get out of each room, since one of the ways may be blocked by smoke or fire. Have twice-a-year fire drills to practice escaping.

Teach family members what to do in case of a fire.

  • Smoke rises during a fire. So the safest place to be when escaping is down low to the ground.
  • Exiting through a door is best, when possible. Always feel the door starting at the bottom and work upward before opening it. If the door is hot, there may be fire on the other side.
  • Have a safe spot planned ahead of time for everyone to meet outside after escape.
  • Never go back inside for anything. Stay outside.

Preventing fires

  • Do not smoke in bed.
  • Keep matches and other flammable materials out of reach of children.
  • Never leave a burning candle or fireplace unattended. Do not stand too close to the fire.
  • Never put clothes or anything else over a lamp or heater.
  • Make sure household wiring is up-to-date.
  • Unplug appliances such as heating pads and electric blankets when they are not in use.
  • Store flammable materials away from heat sources, water heaters, and open-flame space heaters.
  • When cooking or grilling, do not leave the stove or grill unattended.
  • Be sure to close the valve on a propane cylinder tank when it is not in use. Know how to store the take safely.

Teach children about fires. Explain how they are accidentally started and how to prevent them. Children should understand the following:

  • Do not touch or get close to radiators or heaters.
  • Never stand close to the fireplace or wood stove.
  • Do not touch matches, lighters, or candles. Tell an adult right away if you see any of these items.
  • Do not cook without asking an adult first.
  • Never play with electrical cords or stick anything into a socket.

Children's sleepwear should be snug-fitting and specifically labeled as flame-resistant. Using other clothing, including loose-fitting garments, increases the risk of severe burns if these items catch fire.

Do not allow children to handle or play with fireworks. Many places in the U.S. do not permit lighting fireworks in residential areas. Go to public displays if your family wants to enjoy fireworks.

If oxygen therapy is being used in your home, teach everyone in the family about oxygen safety to prevent fires.


American Academy of Pediatrics. Safety and prevention: what is the best way to keep my family safe from a home fire? Available at: Accessed August 27, 2013.

United States Consumer Product Safety Commission. Fireworks information center. Available at: Accessed August 27, 2013.

United States Fire Administration. Home fire prevention and safety tips. Available at: Accessed August 27, 2013.

Updated: 8/22/2013

Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

©  UPMC | Affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences
Supplemental content provided by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions. All rights reserved.

For help in finding a doctor or health service that suits your needs, call the UPMC Referral Service at 412-647-UPMC (8762) or 1-800-533-UPMC (8762). Select option 1.

UPMC is an equal opportunity employer. UPMC policy prohibits discrimination or harassment on the basis of race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, age, sex, genetics, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, familial status, disability, veteran status, or any other legally protected group status. Further, UPMC will continue to support and promote equal employment opportunity, human dignity, and racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity. This policy applies to admissions, employment, and access to and treatment in UPMC programs and activities. This commitment is made by UPMC in accordance with federal, state, and/or local laws and regulations.

Medical information made available on is not intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. You should not rely entirely on this information for your health care needs. Ask your own doctor or health care provider any specific medical questions that you have. Further, is not a tool to be used in the case of an emergency. If an emergency arises, you should seek appropriate emergency medical services.

For UPMC Mercy Patients: As a Catholic hospital, UPMC Mercy abides by the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services, as determined by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. As such, UPMC Mercy neither endorses nor provides medical practices and/or procedures that contradict the moral teachings of the Roman Catholic Church.

Pittsburgh, PA, USA