Childhood Disability Rates Highest Recorded, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC Finds
PITTSBURGH, Aug. 18, 2014
– The percentage of children with disabilities due to neurodevelopmental or mental health conditions continues to rise, particularly among children in more socially advantaged households, according to a Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC
analysis that appears in the September issue of Pediatrics
Although children living in poverty have the highest rates of disability, children living in families at or above 400 percent of the federal poverty level reported a 28.4 percent increase in disabilities over the past 10-year period.
Dr. Houtrow and the researchers offered four reasons that may explain the increased rates of disability related to neurodevelopmental or mental health conditions:
- shifts in diagnostic criteria
- overall increases in rates of certain problems including autism
- increased awareness of these conditions
- the need for a specific diagnosis to receive services such as early intervention
“This study demonstrates what a lot of pediatricians have been noticing for several years - that they are seeing more neurodevelopmental and mental health problems in their clinical practices,” said Dr. Houtrow, who also is an associate professor of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and Pediatrics and vice chair in the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine’s Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
. “As we look toward the future, the pediatric health care workforce and system needs to adapt to assure the best possible health and functional outcomes for children with disabilities related to neurodevelopmental and mental health conditions.”
The authors concluded that documenting the changes in childhood disabilities is an important step in developing better prevention and treatment strategies and in determining how to create and deliver services to best meet the needs of all children.
Co-investigators were: Kandyce Larson, Ph.D., and Lynn M. Olson, Ph.D., American Academy of Pediatrics; Paul Newacheck, Dr.P.H., University of California San Francisco; and Neal Halfon M.D., M.P.H., University of California Los Angles.
For more information on Dr. Houtrow and the Division of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, visit http://www.chp.edu/rehab