The Top Four Sport Injuries in Kids

  1. Overuse Injuries due to year-round sports, playing in multiple leagues simultaneously, and concentrating on one sport — particularly “unilateral” sports involving repetitive motion using muscles on one side of the body (for example, throwing, swinging, and pitching in baseball). If overuse injuries are caught early, surgery can be avoided. If left untreated, they can lead to significant and possibly permanent damage.
  2. Concussion, or traumatic brain injury, usually caused by a direct blow to the head, or an indirect blow to another part of the body. Significant injury can occur without losing consciousness. Baseline screening is important to determine when a child can safely return to a sport. Returning before the brain fully heals can result in more serious brain damage or a life-threatening situation.
  3. Heat-related Illnesses, such as dehydration, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. Kids are especially vulnerable because they sweat less and tend to drink less fluids.
  4. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries of the knee are particularly common among athletes ages 15 to 18, with girls five times more likely to suffer an injury. Seventy to 80 percent of ACL injuries are a result of landing from a jump, pivoting, and/or decelerating. Exercises to help strengthen muscles and improve faulty movement patterns are critical in preventing ACL injuries. For tips on how to avoid ACL injuries.

Concussions In The News

©  UPMC | Affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences
Supplemental content provided by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions. All rights reserved.

For help in finding a doctor or health service that suits your needs, call the UPMC Referral Service at 412-647-UPMC (8762) or 1-800-533-UPMC (8762). Select option 1.

UPMC is an equal opportunity employer. UPMC policy prohibits discrimination or harassment on the basis of race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, age, sex, genetics, sexual orientation, marital status, familial status, disability, veteran status, or any other legally protected group status. Further, UPMC will continue to support and promote equal employment opportunity, human dignity, and racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity. This policy applies to admissions, employment, and access to and treatment in UPMC programs and activities. This commitment is made by UPMC in accordance with federal, state, and/or local laws and regulations.

Medical information made available on is not intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. You should not rely entirely on this information for your health care needs. Ask your own doctor or health care provider any specific medical questions that you have. Further, is not a tool to be used in the case of an emergency. If an emergency arises, you should seek appropriate emergency medical services.

For UPMC Mercy Patients: As a Catholic hospital, UPMC Mercy abides by the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services, as determined by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. As such, UPMC Mercy neither endorses nor provides medical practices and/or procedures that contradict the moral teachings of the Roman Catholic Church.

Pittsburgh, PA, USA