Turf toe, also known as a metatarsophalangeal joint sprain, happens when you hyperextend the ligament underneath your big toe. This causes a sprain in the main joint of your big toe.
The injury is called "turf toe" because it appears more often in athletes playing on artificial turf. Turf toe happens most often in football players, but it happens in other sports and activities as well.
You can take a few steps to prevent turf toe:
Common symptoms of turf toe usually include:
You may notice that the pain in the metatarsophalangeal joint lessens when you wear hard-soled shoes.
To diagnose turf toe, your doctor will do an exam to determine the extent of the injury. He or she will look for symptoms and test your range of motion.
Your injury could be a slight stretching or hyperextension of the tendon or a tear.
Your doctor may order an X-ray or MRI, especially if your injury looks to be more severe. It is important to rule out a fracture, or other more serious injury.
To properly diagnose turf toe, make an appointment with a physician or speak with a Sports Medicine expert by calling 1-855-93-SPORT (77678).
You can treat turf toe at home first with rest, ice, and elevation.
Stay off your foot for a while and apply ice packs for 15 to 20 minutes several times a day. Keep your foot elevated above your heart while resting to help the swelling go down.
You can take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications to help with pain.
For more severe toe injuries, you may need to tape the toe or wear a walking cast.
Once your symptoms subside, physical therapy exercises are helpful to further rehabilitate your turf toe, strengthen the big toe, and to prevent stiffness.
To make an appointment with a physician or speak with a Sports Medicine expert, call 1-855-93-SPORT (77678).
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