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Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a condition in which the vocal cords spontaneously close, cutting off the air supply. It can often present like asthma, and some individuals may experience symptoms of both conditions simultaneously.
Symptoms of VCD include:
Individuals may experience symptoms of VCD during exercise and while laughing or crying. Environmental factors such as cigarette smoke, cold air, strong aromas, and upper respiratory infections can trigger VCD. Health conditions such as heartburn, reflux, and post-nasal drip can also irritate the vocal chords and contribute to VCD.
VCD can often be mistaken for exercise-induced asthma, but there are subtle differences in the symptoms of the two diseases.
Treatment options for VCD may include: