A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue in the brain in which the cells have started to multiply uncontrollably.
Types of Brain Tumors
There are two main types of tumors:
- Noncancerous (benign) — Slow growing tumors that do not spread to other parts of the body.
- Cancerous (malignant) — Faster growing tumors that are more difficult to treat, and usually destroy the surrounding brain tissue.
Cancerous brain tumors can be further classified as:
- Primary tumors originate in the brain and rarely spread throughout the body. They are named from the cells in which they originated, such as astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, and ependymomas.
- Secondary brain tumors (or brain metastases) originate from cancer cells in another part of the body and spread to the brain.
Our Comprehensive Approach to Brain Tumor Treatment
At UPMC, our neurosurgeons have the depth and breadth of expertise required to treat most brain tumors — including those once considered inoperable, thanks to our pioneering advances in minimally invasive surgery and radiosurgery.
» See the brain tumors and conditions we treat.
This expertise allows us to develop a treatment plan for you, using the technique — or combination of techniques — that offers the best opportunity for recovery.
Our full array of treatments for brain tumors and lesions include traditional and microsurgical approaches and the latest minimally invasive surgical techniques, such as:
Compared to traditional, open brain surgery, these minimally invasive procedures can offer:
- Minimal scarring
- Fewer side effects and complications
- Faster recovery