Men are considered infertile if they produce too few sperm cells, sperm cells of poor quality, or have chronic problems with ejaculation.
During the initial consult, both partners will be evaluated for infertility problems. The doctor will ask the patient about any symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam.
During the physical exam, the doctor will look for varicoceles and any abnormalities that might cause infertility. Basic urine and blood tests will be performed.
The key test that will be performed is a semen analysis that evaluates several parameters:
Other tests may include:
Treatment will depend on the cause of the infertility. Infertility treatments can be costly and lengthy. They often are not covered by insurance. Be sure to check with your insurance company.
The health care provider may first suggest life-style changes, such as:
Hormonal imbalances can be treated with medications.
Surgery is sometimes performed to correct structural abnormalities.
ART involves using human sperm and eggs or embryos in a lab to help with conception. The eggs and sperm can be from the couple or can be donated. ART methods include:
For patient referral or consultations, contact the Department of Urology at 412-692-4100.
Affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences
Supplemental content provided by
A.D.A.M. Health Solutions. All rights reserved.
For help in finding a doctor or health service that suits your needs, call the UPMC Referral Service at 412-647-UPMC (8762) or 1-800-533-UPMC (8762). Select option 1.
UPMC is an equal opportunity employer. UPMC policy prohibits discrimination or harassment on the basis of race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, age, sex, genetics, sexual orientation, marital status, familial status, disability, veteran status, or any other legally protected group status. Further, UPMC will continue to support and promote equal employment opportunity, human dignity, and racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity. This policy applies to admissions, employment, and access to and treatment in UPMC programs and activities. This commitment is made by UPMC in accordance with federal, state, and/or local laws and regulations.
Medical information made available on UPMC.com is not intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. You should not rely entirely on this information for your health care needs. Ask your own doctor or health care provider any specific medical questions that you have. Further, UPMC.com is not a tool to be used in the case of an emergency. If an emergency arises, you should seek appropriate emergency medical services.
For UPMC Mercy Patients: As a Catholic hospital, UPMC Mercy abides by the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services, as determined by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. As such, UPMC Mercy neither endorses nor provides medical practices and/or procedures that contradict the moral teachings of the Roman Catholic Church.
Pittsburgh, PA, USA UPMC.com