Plantar fasciitis is an overuse injury that causes heel pain. The plantar fascia is a band of fibrous tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot from the heel to the ball of the foot. This tissue supports and protects the arch of your foot.
The condition is caused when you strain the ligament and cause tiny tears. You can get plantar fasciitis from:
Wearing shoes that fit properly is one of the best ways to prevent plantar fasciitis. You can also wear orthotics to support your feet if the shape of your foot is causing the trouble. Sometimes having tight calf muscles or Achilles tendons can aggravate the problem and cause complications, so be sure to stretch before and after activity.
Most people with the condition feel symptoms such as pain in their heel when they first get out of bed, or when standing after sitting for a long time. It feels like a dull, aching pain that can sometimes become sharp or stabbing.
You may also have tenderness in the heel. The pain may get better after you walk a little, but worsen later in the day.
To diagnose plantar fasciitis, your doctor will do a physical exam to inspect your feet and see how you stand and walk. He or she will ask about your medical history, symptoms, and physical activity.
You won't need to have tests such as an X-ray or imaging scans done unless your doctor suspects you have a bone problem such as a stress fracture.
To schedule an appointment with a doctor or Sports Medicine expert and properly diagnose plantar fasciitis, call 1-855-93-SPORT (77678).
When you first have pain, treatment for Plantar Fasciitis involves staying off your feet and resting your heel. Other home treatments include applying ice packs to your heel to lessen pain and swelling. Anti-inflammatory medications can help as well.
Your doctor may recommend orthotics, heel pads, or taping to provide extra support to the ligaments in your foot for further relief.
You may need physical therapy to strengthen the muscles of your feet and legs and to improve flexibility. Exercises focus on:
If physical therapy doesn't help with pain relief, your doctor may recommend a cortisone injection. Surgery for plantar fasciitis is usually not necessary, and only required if nonsurgical treatments fail.
Overuse injuries take time to heal, so be sure to take care of your feet when they become irritated in order to avoid prolonged pain and injury.
If you’re looking for proper treatment for your plantar fasciitis, schedule an appointment with a physician or Sports Medicine expert and call 1-855-93-SPORT (77678).
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