A native of Pittsburgh, Dr. Cauley received her bachelor's degree in nursing at Boston College in 1975. She received her master's degree and her doctorate in public health in 1980 and 1983 respectively, from the University of Pittsburgh.
She served as a postdoctoral fellow in Pitt's department of epidemiology from 1984 to 1986 before becoming an assistant professor in the department. In 1989, Dr. Cauley became an associate professor at the GSPH.
Dr. Cauley has spent the past 15 years as an investigator of numerous research projects examining the physical and psychological changes that occur in postmenopausal women. Her work has focused on use of estrogen, risks of hip fractures, bone density and cholesterol levels of women who are going through menopause.
As a co-principal investigator for the Pitt site of the Women's Health Initiative, a National Institutes of Health-sponsored study, Dr. Cauley and her colleagues examine the effects calcium and vitamin D have on osteoporosis.
She has published more than 75 articles in journals such as the Lancet, the American Journal of Epidemiology, Journal of the American Medical Association and The New England Journal of Medicine.
Her honors include the National Research Service Award, individual postdoctoral fellow in epidemiology and she is a member of Delta Omega Society.
Dr. Cauley is a member of the Society of Epidemiological Research, the American Public Health Association and the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
She serves on the review board of the American Journal of Epidemiology, the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, the Journal of the American Medical Association and the Annals of Internal Medicine.