Premature menopause — also known as premature ovarian failure (POF) — occurs when ovarian function stops in women under age 40.
Women experiencing POF have a very slim chance of conceiving with their own eggs.
In most women, it's unclear why they experience ovarian failure. Some causes include:
About 4 percent of women with POF have a family history of the condition.
You may have infrequent periods or stop having periods altogether, and experience symptoms of menopause, such as:
In some women, the only symptom may be an inability to conceive.
Hormonal treatments can be used for the symptoms associated with premature menopause and for long-term prevention of:
In younger women who do not smoke and are not at increased risk for blood clots, the birth control pill is often the treatment of choice.
Your health information, right at your fingertips. Select MyUPMC to access your UPMC health information. For patients of UPMC-affiliated doctors in Central Pa, select UPMC Central Pa Portal. Patients of UPMC Cole should select the UPMC Cole Connect Patient Portal.