High Blood Pressure Treatment
The first step to treat prehypertension and hypertension is to make lifestyle changes. Keeping your blood pressure in check is a lifelong process.
Your doctor will show you how to lower high blood pressure and may also prescribe medicine if lifestyle changes alone aren't enough.
Lifestyle changes to lower your high blood pressure
Maintaining a heart-healthy lifestyle is the best way to naturally lower blood pressure.
Your doctor will suggest the following to improve your high blood pressure and overall health:
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Exercise regularly.
- Limit sodium to less than 1,500 mg per day.
- Follow a heart-healthy diet with fruits, vegetables, and lean protein.
- Limit alcohol to one drink a day for women and two for men.
High blood pressure medicine
If you have stage 2 hypertension, you will need medicine to bring your pressure down to a safer level.
If you've tried lifestyle changes and still struggle with high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe drugs.
Sometimes one drug is enough to treat your high blood pressure. In other cases, you may need more than one pill to manage your condition.
Some blood pressure medications include:
- ACE inhibitors
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Calcium channel blockers