Also part of the UPMC family:
Also part of the UPMC family:

​Pitt Physicians Devise Emergency and Trauma Care Referral Map for U.S.

For Journalists

Allison Hydzik
Manager
412-647-9975
hydzikam@upmc.edu

Rick Pietzak
Manager
412-864-4151
pietzakr@upmc.edu

Want to Make an Appointment or Need Patient Information?
Contact UPMC at

1-800-533-UPMC (8762).

Go to Find a Doctor to search for a UPMC doctor.



3/29/2018

Main Content
PITTSBURGH, March 29, 2018 – In response to repeated calls for an integrated and coordinated emergency and trauma care system in the U.S., University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine scientists and UPMC physicians rose to the challenge and divided the nation into hundreds of referral regions that describe how patients access advanced care, in a way that respects geopolitical borders.
 
The Pittsburgh Atlas, published today in the Annals of Emergency Medicine, creates the framework that will allow states and groups of counties to implement quality improvement programs accountable to regional performance measures instituted by state and local governments.
 
“Recent proposed changes to health care could shift more responsibility to the state level with regard to who is insured or what services are offered,” said lead author David J. Wallace, M.D., M.P.H., assistant professor in Pitt’s Department of Critical Care Medicine. “A set of regions that maintain state lines is essential in that circumstance.”
 
More than a decade ago, a National Academy of Medicine report endorsed coordinated, regional, accountable systems as an approach to improve health care for severe acute conditions requiring trauma and emergency services. In 2013, the National Quality Forum highlighted the importance of region-level performance measures that promote timely, high-quality care.
 
The Pittsburgh Atlas was partially inspired by the Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care, a set of geographic regions based on Medicare and Medicaid hospital discharge claims that was created more than 20 years ago, and is used for epidemiological studies that compare the cost, quality and consumption of health care in different parts of the country. However, the Dartmouth Atlas doesn’t respect state or county boundaries – resulting in a set of regions that do not promote coordination or accountability.
 
Wallace and his team built the Pittsburgh Atlas by looking at nearly 731,000 Medicare patients who sought care for a heart attack, stroke or moderate to severe trauma in 2011. Referral regions were created by combining patient home counties to hospital counties, allowing multiple patient home counties to join to the same hospital county. For example, the region containing Pittsburgh (dubbed “57”) consists of 22 counties stretching up the western side of Pennsylvania. It’s one of 16 referral regions in the state.
 
The research team determined six different ways to divide the U.S. into emergency care referral regions. After examining each result, they came away with the one that keeps the vast majority of patients closest to home and named it the “Pittsburgh Atlas.” It’s comprised of 326 referral regions.
 
“We were surprised at how well our regions performed in terms of keeping patients close to home – they did as well as those in the Dartmouth Atlas,” said Wallace, who also is a member of Pitt’s Clinical Research Investigation and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness (CRISMA) Center. “We truly expected there would be a greater trade-off since the Pittsburgh Atlas faced the additional geopolitical boundary constraints.”
 
Wallace acknowledged the Pittsburgh Atlas may not be representative for all patients. Although it was built using the largest collective source of hospitalizations for heart attack, stroke and major trauma in the U.S., it is primarily limited to patients 65 years old and older with data from 2011. Referral patterns may have changed with population changes and hospital openings and closings – meaning the Pittsburgh Atlas would need periodic updates. 
 
Wallace and his team have made the data files for the Pittsburgh Atlas available so others can use it for projects that evaluate regional care delivery and seek to improve quality. 
 
“This project gives researchers, policymakers, hospital systems and public health agencies a way to move beyond simply comparing apples to apples, and into thinking about orchards,” Wallace said.
 
Jeremy M. Kahn, M.D., M.Sc., of Pitt, is senior author on this research. Co-authors are Deepika Mohan, M.D., Derek C. Angus, M.D., M.P.H., Julia Driessen, Ph.D., Christopher Seymour, M.D., M.Sc., Donald M. Yealy, M.D., and Mark M. Roberts, M.D., M.P.P., all of Pitt; and Kristen S. Kurland, B.A., of Carnegie Mellon University.
 
This research was funded by National Institutes of Health grants K08HL122478, R35GM119519, DP2 LM012339 and K24HL133444.

Credit: David Wallace/Pitt
This map shows the 326 referral regions in the Pittsburgh Atlas.
(click image for larger version)

Find a Doctor

Browse UPMC doctors and medical professionals to find the care that's right for you. Customize your search by specialty, zip code, last name, and more.


Visit the UPMC Find a Doctor website.
Make an Appointment

Find important information on scheduling your appointment or finding a doctor or service that meets your needs.


Request an appointment now.
Find a Location

Browse addresses and contact information for our network of hospitals, specialty care practices, and community health locations.


Find a UPMC location near you.
Pay Your Bill

Learn more about how to pay your UPMC bill. Find resources including payment methods and contact information for assistance.


Pay your bill now.
Find a Career

Advance your career with UPMC. Discover our latest job listings and learn about our values and career pathways.


Find your ideal career at UPMC.