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About 10 percent of lumps or nodules in the thyroid are cancerous.
Thyroid cancer forms in the cells of the thyroid gland. It's most commonly found in smaller thyroid nodules that often are detected “incidentally” by:
Thyroid cancer can sometimes be completely treated with surgery, but often also requires radioactive iodine therapy after the thyroid is removed.
Survival of thyroid cancer is typically over 90 percent, but more advanced thyroid cancers often recur and are occasionally fatal. Early detection and appropriate therapy remain the key to a good, long-term outcome.
Although anyone can develop thyroid cancer, certain factors may increase a person’s risk for developing the disease, including:
Often, there are no symptoms associated with early-stage thyroid cancers. That is why it's important to have your neck examined annually and thyroid nodules evaluated quickly.
As a thyroid cancer grows, symptoms may include:
Most thyroid cancer patients have normal thyroid hormone levels.
Thyroid cancers fall into four main types:
Papillary Thyroid Cancer
Follicular Thyroid Cancer
Medullary Thyroid Cancer
Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer