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Your doctor may order a fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy if he or she finds a nodule (lump) in the thyroid.
Thyroid nodules are common and are present in about one-half of all people by ages 50 to 60. FNA is the best diagnostic procedure for determining which thyroid nodules are benign, and which have cancer.
Same-day diagnostic and screening services at the MTC expedite diagnosis and treatment of thyroid cancer and other thyroid diseases.
When you have an FNA biopsy at the MTC:
Prior to your FNA biopsy, you should discuss your medical history with your physician, including:
FNA is done with such thin needles that local anesthesia is usually not necessary and discomfort is minimal. However, if the biopsy area is particularly sensitive, local anesthetic can be injected to numb the area of the neck to be biopsied. Though the procedure is quite easily tolerated without the use of numbing medicine, it’s readily available should you need it.
During the procedure, your endocrinologist will:
FNA of a single nodule takes between 10-20 minutes. Each nodule requiring evaluation is normally aspirated twice in this manner.
Since the needles are so thin, bleeding is usually very minimal and a Band-Aid is not usually necessary. You may feel soreness at the biopsy site for one to two days.
Although rare, complications of FNA may include:
After your FNA biopsy, your endocrinologist will give you post-procedure instructions, which may include details about: