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​Endometriosis

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What is Endometriosis?

Doctors define Endometriosis as a benign (noncancerous) condition in which cells that line the uterus grow outside of the uterus in other areas of the pelvis or abdomen.

It can cause severe pelvic pain, especially during menstruation.

It can also affect fertility, making it hard for a woman to become pregnant.

What are the risk factors for endometriosis?

Endometriosis occurs in reproductive age women. It appears to be more common in Caucasian and Asian women.

Other risk factors for endometriosis include:

  • No prior pregnancies
  • Early onset of menstrual cycles or short breaks between cycles
  • Anomalies of the uterus and cervix

Make an appointment at the Center for Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery

If you think you're at risk for endometriosis or other gynecologic conditions, contact the Center for Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery at 412-641-6412 to make an appointment.

Endometriosis Symptoms and Diagnosis

Pain is the main symptom of endometriosis, including:

  • Painful menstrual periods
  • Pain during or after intercourse
  • Painful bowel movements or urination, especially during menstrual periods

Diagnosing endometriosis

Your doctor may suspect that you have endometriosis based on your symptoms and an exam. A trial treatment can confirm the diagnosis, if symptoms improve during treatment.

The only way your doctor will know for sure that you have endometriosis is to examine the inside of your abdomen or pelvic area — most often through a minimally invasive surgical procedure called laparoscopy.

Make an appointment at the Center for Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery

If you have symptoms of endometriosis, contact the Center for Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery at 412-641-6412 to make an appointment.

Endometriosis Treatment Options

Unlike fibroids or polyps, it is difficult for surgeons to remove endometriosis, so treatment options are limited.

Your doctor may prescribe the following treatments to control your symptoms:

  • Over the counter pain medicine, such as NSAIDS
  • Birth control pills or shots
  • Insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD)

Sometimes surgery is used, but may not "cure" the endometriosis, since it causes scar tissue in the abdomen. Types of surgery that are sometimes used include:

Hysterectomy requires the longest recovery time - up to six weeks. A laparoscopy may only require one week of recovery time, while ablation surgery may take two weeks to recover.

Why Choose Us?

Each year, our center provides relief to thousands of women with common gynecologic conditions. Our experts bring the latest research findings and best practices to your care.

Make an appointment at the Center for Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery

To discuss endometriosis treatments or make an appointment, contact the Center for Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery at 412-641-6412.

Get directions to any of our facilities.

We offer the following resources on this and other health conditions:

Our Patient and Visitor Health Library offers information on a variety of health conditions.

At our Patient Education Materials portal, you can view and print the same women's health information we give to our patients.

You can learn more about this condition from the Endometriosis Foundation of America.

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