What is a Craniofacial Malformation?
Craniofacial malformations are some of the most common structural birth defects.
What causes craniofacial malformations?
Craniofacial malformations often are the result of genetic disorders and may be associated with developmental and functional abnormalities, such as:
- Abnormal brain growth
- Hearing loss
- Difficulty with breathing, chewing, swallowing, and speech
Sometimes referred to as craniofacial anomalies, craniofacial malformations range from cleft lip and palate to congenital growths and tumors, as well as complex craniofacial dysostosis and encephaloceles, in which the bones in the skull and face fuse abnormally.
Treatment for these complex conditions may involve many specialties, including neurosurgery.
When appropriate, UPMC surgeons may use the Endoscopic Endonasal Approach (EEA) to reach and correct certain craniofacial malformations.
This innovative, minimally invasive technique uses the nose and nasal cavities as natural corridors to access hard-to-reach or previously inoperable areas.
EEA offers the benefits of:
- No incisions to heal
- No disfigurement
- Faster recovery times