The most common treatment for angiofibroma is surgery.
Angiofibromas may be approached directly using the Endoscopic Endonasal Approach (EEA). This state-of-the-art, minimally invasive approach allows surgeons to access the tumor through the natural corridor of the nose, without making an open incision. Surgeons then remove the angiofibroma through the nose and nasal cavities.
EEA offers the benefits of no incisions to heal, no disfigurement, and a faster recovery time.
If you need complementary treatments, such as radiation, those therapies can begin soon after EEA surgery.
Prior to surgery, an angiogram may be performed. This imaging test uses x-rays to view blood vessels that have been injected with a contrasting dye, to allow for embolization of the tumor.
Embolization involves cutting off the blood supply to the tumor. It significantly reduces blood loss during surgery and tumor removal.
Radiation therapy may be used for people with angiofibroma tumors that have extended into the cranial cavity, can't be reached safely by surgery, or have returned after previous treatment.
Hormonal flutamide, which blocks testosterone receptors, has been shown to reduce tumor size effectively.
The use of this medication is restricted to those enrolled in clinical trials.