Squamous Cell Carcinoma Treatments
Treatment for squamous cell carcinoma varies based on the location and size of the tumor. Larger tumors are surgically removed.
Surgery: Endoscopic Endonasal Approach (EEA)
Squamous cell carcinomas of the sinuses and skull base can be approached directly through the Endoscopic Endonasal Approach (EEA). This state-of-the-art, minimally invasive approach allows surgeons to access the tumor through the natural corridor of the nose, without making an open incision. Surgeons then remove the tumor through the nose and nasal cavities.
EEA offers the benefits of no incisions to heal, no disfigurement, and a faster recovery time.
UPMC's neurosurgical team may recommend a combination of surgical and non-surgical approaches to treat squamous cell carcinomas.
Radiation is commonly used to treat brain tumors, since surgery isn't always an option. Radiation therapy may be delivered:
- Externally by directing radiation at the tumor from an outside source
- Internally by placing radioactive material directly in the body near the cancer
- Using stereotactic radiosurgery to deliver a concentrated dose of radiation directly to the brain tumor.
Chemotherapy treatment uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells. Depending on the type and stage of the cancer, chemotherapy may be taken by mouth, injected, or placed directly into the brain tumor site.