What is a Schwannoma?
A schwannoma is a spinal tumor that arises from the lining of the nerve cells of the spine. The nerves of the spine are insulated by a protective sheath called myelin, which transmits nerve impulses throughout the body. Schwann cells create the myelin sheath of the nerves.
When a schwannoma tumor develops, it forms around the tissue of the myelin sheath. Most schwannomas are benign, only 2.5 percent are cancerous. However, when tumors grow large, they may compress the spinal nerves and cause symptoms such as tingling sensations, numbness, weakness, and pain in the lower limbs.