Skip to Content

Orthopaedic and Sports-Related Conditions We Treat

Whether you've got a long-term condition like arthritis or a recent sports injury, UPMC orthopaedic and sports medicine experts are here for you.

An established leader in advanced orthopaedic care, we treat a full range of chronic and acute musculoskeletal conditions.

Orthopaedic Conditions and Sports Injuries We Treat

A     B     C     D     E     F     G     H     I     J     K     L     M     N     O     P     Q     R     S     T     U     V     W     X     Y     Z


Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendinitis is a common condition that causes pain along the back of the leg near the heel.

Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Injury

An injury to to the Acromioclavicular (AC) joint is a shoulder separation.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury and Tear

ACL injuries result in the stability of the knee becoming compromised.


Arthritis is a painful disease caused by joint damage.

Avascular Necrosis

Avascular necrosis (AVN) can cause pain and damage to the hip.

Back to top


Bicep Tendonitis

Bicep tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons connecting the biceps muscle and the elbow.

Bone Cancer

Bone cancer is a rare cancer that begins in the bones.

Bone Cysts

Bone cysts are liquid-filled pockets that form within arms and legs.

Bone Fractures/Broken Bones

A fracture/broken bone ranges from cracks in a bone to a bone that is separated.

Bone Spurs

Bone Spurs (osteophytes) are often caused by osteoarthritis damage.

Bone Tumors

Bone tumors form when your bone tissue cells divide too quickly.

Brachial Plexus Injury

Brachial plexus injuries stretch the nerves in your shoulders, arms or hands.


Bunions are painful bony bumps that develop on the inside of the foot.

Burners and Stingers

Burners and stingers are injuries to the nerves of your upper arm, at either the neck or shoulder.


Bursitis is the swelling of the flat sacs between your bones and muscles.

Back to top


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms include swelling of the wrist.

Chondrosarcoma (Bone Cancer)

Chondrosarcoma is the third most common type of bone cancer to come from the bone itself.

Chordoma Tumor

Chordoma is a rare sarcoma (cancer) of the spine.

Clavicle Fracture (Broken Collarbone)

The most common cause of a broken collarbone is direct impact to the shoulder or a direct injury.

Chronic Lower Body Joint and Muscle Pain

Chronic pain may cause discomfort during day-to-day living.

Chronic Upper Body Joint & Muscle Pain

Chronic pain may cause discomfort during day-to-day living.

Colles’ (Wrist) Fracture

The most common wrist fracture type is a Colles' fracture, which involves the two larger wrist bones.


An indirect or direct blow to the head or body can cause a concussion.

Back to top


Diabetic Neuropathy (Diabetic Foot Disease)

Diabetic neuropathy involves circulatory and nerve problems for diabetes patients.

Dislocated Shoulder

Dislocated shoulders occur when the upper arm bone (humerus) is forced out of its socket (scapula).

Back to top


Eversion and Inversion Ankle Sprains

An ankle sprain is a tear in the ligaments of the ankle.

Ewing's Sarcoma

Ewing's sarcoma is a type of bone cancer that originates in bone tissue.

Back to top


Femoroacetabular Impingement

Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) happens when extra bone grows in your hip joint.

Finger and Hand Injuries

Hand and finger injuries can include carpal tunnel syndrome, skiers' thumb, arthritis, and more.

Flat Feet

Flat feet or fallen arches are deformities that cause problems with the arch of the foot.

Foot Ulcers

Foot ulcers are open sores that will not heal or that return over a long period of time.

Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis)

Frozen shoulder happens when the muscles around the shoulder joint thicken and contract.

Back to top


Giant Cell Tumor of Bone

Giant cell tumor of bone (GCT) is a benign tumor.

Golfer's Elbow

Golfer's elbow is a painful injury that causes muscle inflammation on the inside of the elbow.

Back to top


Hammer Toes

Hammer toe causes the toes to bend to the side from the middle joint.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a disorder that results in an incorrectly shaped hip socket.

Hip Pointers

Hip pointers are bruises to the ridge of the bone on the upper outside of the hip.

Back to top


IT Band Syndrome (Hip Bursitis)

IT band syndrome — or hip bursitis — happens when the IT band becomes too tight.

Back to top


Joint Dislocation

A dislocation happens when the end of the bone, connected to the joint, moves out of place.

Joint Instability

Instability occurs when tissues, including muscles and bones, weaken.

Joint and Muscle Contractures

A contracture occurs when your muscles or other tissues tighten, causing a deformity.

Jones Fracture

A Jones fracture is a fracture of the bone on the pinky toe side of your foot.

Back to top


Labral Tear

Labral tears occur when the labrum (ring of cartilage outside of socket) is damaged.

Lisfranc Injury

Lisfranc injuries occur when bones in the midfoot break or the ligaments supporting the midfoot tear.

Lower Back Pain in Athletes

The lower back can be affected by problems with the muscles, nerves, bones, discs, or tendons.

Back to top


Malunion and Nonunion

Malunion and nonunion are both complications of broken bones that heal incorrectly.

Medical and Lateral Collateral Ligament Sprains

Knee sprains affect the medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCLs and LCLs).

Meniscal Tears

Meniscal tears usually happen when a person twists or turns their leg while their foot is planted.

Metastatic Bone Cancer (Metastatic Bone Disease)

Metastatic bone disease occurs when cancer spreads from another part of the body.

Back to top


Neck Pain

Neck pain can result from a muscle strain, arthritis, or a more serious trauma.

Necrotizing Fasciitis

Necrotizing fasciitis is a bacterial infection that affects soft tissue (or fascia).

Nerve Compression (Pinched Nerve)

A pinched nerve, or nerve compression, often occurs in your arms and legs, hands, and feet.

Numbness and Weakness

People experience numbness and weakness in many areas of the body at any time.

Back to top


Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter is an inflammatory disease of the growth plate at the top of the shin.


Osteosarcoma is the most common type of cancer to come from bone tissue.

Back to top


Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper's Knee)

A damaged patellar tendon causes the kneecap to separate from the shinbone.

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)

Patellofemoral pain syndrome affects the front of the kneecap (patella), around the kneecap.

Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis (PVNS)

Pigmented villonodular synovitis or PVNS is a benign tumor in the joint.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis occurs when you strain the ligament and cause tiny tears.

Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury

PCL injury - or posterior cruciate ligament injury - is an injury to the back of the knee.

Back to top


Rotator Cuff Tear or Injury

Rotator cuff tears can be partial or total and may occur from trauma or even wear and tear.

Back to top


Scaphoid (Wrist) Fracture

Scaphoid fractures occur when one of the small bones in the wrist, near the thumb, breaks.

Sever’s Disease

Sever's disease is a painful condition that occurs in growing children, affecting the heel.

Shin Splints

Shin splints refer to the pain and tenderness along or just behind the large bone in the lower leg.

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Shoulder impingement occurs when the scapula puts pressure on the rotator cuff when lifting your arm.

Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Soft tissue sarcomas are cancerous tumors that come from connective tissues.

Sports and Muscle Strains

Muscle strains happen when the muscle stretches beyond its normal range of motion or is overloaded.

Sports Hernia

Sports hernia, or athletic pubalgia, is a core muscle injury causing groin pain.

Sports Strains

Sprains occur when muscles or ligaments are torn.

Sprain (Muscle Tear) and Strain

Sprains can happen when a joint twists in an unusual position or bends too far.

Back to top


Tendon and Ligament Tears, Ruptures, and Injuries

Tendon and ligament tears & ruptures can affect many joints in the body.

Tendonitis (Tendinitis)

Tendonitis is inflammation or irritation in a tendon.

Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is a painful condition caused by overuse of the forearm muscles.

Trochanteric Bursitis

Trochanteric bursitis is inflammation of the sac of fluid that surrounds your hip's outside bone.

Turf Toe Injury (Metatarsophalangeal Joint Sprain)

Turf toe occurs when the ligament underneath your big toe hyperextends.

Back to top