Giant Cell Tumor of Bone

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What Is Giant Cell Tumor of Bone?

Giant cell tumor of bone, or GCT, is a benign (noncancerous) bone tumor.

Giant cell tumor of bone most often occurs around the:

  • Knee
  • Wrist
  • Hip
  • Shoulder
  • Pelvis
  • Lower back

Giant Cell Tumor of Bone Risk Factors

There are no known risk factors of giant cell tumor of bone.

It generally occurs spontaneously in young adults, between the ages of 20 and 40.

Giant Cell Tumor of Bone Symptoms

Symptoms of giant cell tumor include:

  • Joint pain in the area of the tumor
  • Difficulty with sports or recreational activities
  • Swelling

Giant Cell Tumor Treatment

While not cancerous, giant cell tumor is very aggressive.

It requires specialized surgical treatment to prevent joint destruction and, sometimes, bone and joint replacement.

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