Men are considered infertile if they produce too few sperm cells, sperm cells of poor quality, or have chronic problems with ejaculation.
During the initial consult, both partners will be evaluated for infertility problems. The doctor will ask the patient about any symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam.
During the physical exam, the doctor will look for varicoceles and any abnormalities that might cause infertility. Basic urine and blood tests will be performed.
The key test that will be performed is a semen analysis that evaluates several parameters:
Other tests may include:
Treatment will depend on the cause of the infertility. Infertility treatments can be costly and lengthy. They often are not covered by insurance. Be sure to check with your insurance company.
The health care provider may first suggest life-style changes, such as:
Hormonal imbalances can be treated with medications.
Surgery is sometimes performed to correct structural abnormalities.
ART involves using human sperm and eggs or embryos in a lab to help with conception. The eggs and sperm can be from the couple or can be donated. ART methods include:
For patient referral or consultations, contact the Department of Urology at 412-692-4100.