What Are Sports Sprains?
A sprain is a torn muscle or ligament common in athletes. When you damage the muscle or ligament, you may notice inflammation or spasms.
Sports sprains can happen from overuse or from force — such as a collision or fall.
Types of Sports Sprains
You can sprain almost any area of your body.
The most common types of sports sprains happen in the:
Wrist and Thumb Sprain Causes and Risks
Wrist and thumb sprains happen when a force pushes the hand or finger backward.
Athletes at risk for thumb sprains are those that play:
In an ankle sprain, you can tear the ligaments:
- On the outside of the ankle — called a lateral ankle sprain.
- That hold the ankle in place — called a medial ankle sprain.
- That hold the lower two leg bones together — called a high ankle sprain.
Sports sprain prevention
To help prevent strains while playing sports:
- Stretch and warm up before any activity.
- Perform strength exercises, even in the off season.
- Avoid sudden increases in the intensity of your training programs.
- Wear the right shoes for your sport and make sure they fit well.
- Avoid running on wet floors or uneven surfaces.
- Use tape or braces for added supports.
Learn more about sports sprains
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