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Biofeedback

UPMC Content 3

What Is Biofeedback?

  • Biofeedback can help people become more aware of the body's internal states and learn to self-regulate them.
  • Electronic instruments are used to amplify and display information about a person's physiologic processes, such as skin temperature, muscle tension, blood pressure, heart rate, and brain waves.
  • This feedback helps a person to learn ways to influence physiologic processes that are not typically under conscious control.
  • Cardiac coherence training is a specific form of biofeedback that emphasizes the impact of the relaxation response on the cardiovascular system.

What Is the Background of Biofeedback?

  • Biofeedback was first developed by experimental psychologists in the 1960s.
  • Biofeedback practitioners are trained in psychology, physiology, and the use of electronic instruments.

What Are the Indications For Biofeedback?

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Tension and migraine headaches
  • Myofascial pain and fibromyalgia
  • Hypertension
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Muscle tension
  • Raynaud's disease

What Are the Contraindications For Biofeedback?

  • Acute psychiatric emergencies
  • Use as the sole treatment for management of severe hypertension
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