What Is Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)?
HCC is a type of liver cancer. It's a primary liver cancer and is the most common form of cancer that starts in the liver.
HCC differs from cancers that start elsewhere in the body and spread to the liver.
Between 2000 and 2016, there were a total of 119,078 cases of HCC in the U.S. It's more common in parts of Asia and Africa.
HCC is about 3 times more common in men than in women.
Doctors don't know for sure what causes HCC. But the disease is more common in people who have other liver conditions.
Environment factors may play a role in causing HCC. This includes eating food contaminated with aflatoxin, a fungal poison.
Hepatocellular carcinoma risk factors and complications
Some conditions and infections damage the liver over time. This damage may make the liver at risk for developing HCC.
Liver conditions that may put you at greater risk for HCC include:
- Alcoholic liver disease
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- Fatty liver disease
- Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
- Primary biliary cholangitis
How to prevent HCC
There's no sure way to prevent HCC.
But you can take actions to lower your risk, such as:
- Getting the hepatitis B vaccine.
- Limiting the amount of alcohol you drink.
- Quitting smoking or avoiding tobacco.
- Treating any liver conditions you may have.
Why choose the Center for Liver Diseases for HCC care?
Our doctors at the UPMC Center for Liver Diseases are experts in diagnosing and treating all liver conditions, including HCC.
And we work closely with experts in the UPMC Liver Cancer Center and the Liver Transplant Program to design customized treatment plans.