Everyone has a poor night of sleep now and then. But if you have trouble falling or staying asleep on a regular basis, you may have insomnia.
At the UPMC Sleep Medicine Center, we offer the latest insomnia treatments so you can get a good night's sleep.
Find a UPMC Sleep Medicine doctor near you to make an appointment.
Insomnia is a condition where people have trouble getting to sleep or staying asleep. You can suffer from this sleep disorder on a short- or long-term basis.
Chronic insomnia is when you have trouble sleeping at least three days per week for more than three months. About 10% of adults have chronic insomnia.
It causes daytime fatigue, attention issues, and other health problems.
People with short-term insomnia have similar symptoms but for less than three months, and often less than three times a week. Between 15% and 20% of adults have short-term insomnia in any given year.
Stressful life events that may trigger a bout of short-term insomnia include:
Stress and anxiety about not sleeping can further create a cycle of being unable to sleep, leading to chronic insomnia.
Other common causes of chronic insomnia include:
Certain factors make insomnia more likely, such as:
Chronic insomnia can cause other health problems.
It can affect your:
Lack of sleep can also lead to accidents.
People with insomnia may have different degrees of symptoms. But if sleepless nights are causing problems in your daily life, you should call your doctor.
Insomnia symptoms and signs include:
Your doctor may ask you to keep a sleep log for a week or two before your appointment.
You'll need to keep track of what times you:
During your appointment, your doctor will:
There are no special tests to diagnose chronic insomnia.
Your doctor may order blood tests to rule out health issues that could affect your sleep.
They may also order a sleep study to make sure you don't have another sleep disorder like:
The experts at the UPMC Sleep Medicine Center treat people with insomnia every day. We use the latest techniques and therapies to help you get good, solid sleep.
Your doctor will likely start with the most conservative treatment.
Treatment options include therapy and medications. At times, lifestyle changes can help treat sleep problems like insomnia.
Your doctor may suggest a six- to eight-week CBT plan to address unwarranted thoughts and beliefs about your sleep.
CBT teaches you ways to:
Your CBT sessions may involve:
The UPMC Sleep Medicine Center is the only adult sleep center in western Pennsylvania that offers CBT for insomnia. It's a novel alternative to sleeping pills with fewer side effects.
Your doctor might prescribe medicines in addition to or as an alternative to CBT.
Drugs that may help your insomnia include:
Your UPMC sleep doctor will tailor your medication for your sleep problem based on:
With the right treatment, you can start getting restful sleep and feel like yourself again.
To make an appointment, find a UPMC Sleep Medicine specialist close to you.